Mental Health in the 1950's was still something of a mystery when the first medication was introduced to treat symptoms of depression, anxiety and psychosis. The introduction of Tranquilizers to the American public was met with a goodly amount of suspicion in the Psychiatric community, but the public went crazy over them.
Labeled "Happy Pills" by the media and other branches of the medical profession, they did represent a breakthrough in treating mental illness, which up until this time was relegated to rolled eyes, secret confessions and vehement denial. Although at the time the medications introduced were a lot different than the ones developed now. They were still a much needed alternative to what was up until then pretty barbaric treatment for such a prevalent condition in our society.
This program, part of the American Forum Of The Air series from July 8, 1956, brought together three mental health workers who had varying opinions and experiences in the field.
Dr. Herman Denver: “The fact that so many millions of people are going to be taking these various pharmacologic agents has more of a social implication for me. If they really need it, and I recall when I was in general practice, I calculated between 80 and 90% of my patients really had psychological problems underlying their somatic symptoms and that was perhaps one of the driving forces that put me into Psychiatry. It’s not so much that 20-30 million prescriptions will be dispensed, as is the fact that 20-30 million Americans require drugs which will calm them. It’s been said that this is an age where everyone is anxious. Now, the social implication is that the anxiety’s reaching an intolerable pitch.”
The idea that people were actually talking about it openly was something of a breakthrough. But then, the 1950's were a pretty anxious time for a lot of people. The grim specter of Nuclear annihilation and the Red Menace made for a lot of sleepless nights and chemical addictions in America.
Today we look back on that and laugh. Fifty years later and the anxiety fits like a glove.
Weekend Gallimaufry - from the radio series Conversation, the subject is The Good Life At Mid-Century featuring Clifton Fadiman, moderator with historian Jacques Barzun and actress Nancy Kelly discussing how the good life is perceived in 1956. Read more...
Newstalgia Pop Chronicles - Golden Hubcaps a documentary on the growing menace of hubcap stealing in Southern California in 1956, a very big problem - further evidence Teenage America of the 1950's was doomed. Read more...