I asked permission to crosspost Lakey's op-ed detailing Charles Koch's continued attack on academic freedom at Florida State University, where Lakey is a grad student. Her op-ed was first published by the Tallahassee Democrat, this is an expanded version crossposted from FSU Progress Coalition.
As citizens of the US many of us worry over our right to free speech. But how often do we get stressed over academic freedom? What is academic freedom anyway? I know, it sounds like convoluted University mumbo jumbo. It isn’t though. Trust me.
Academic freedom wasn’t even on my radar until FSU’s Presidential Search Advisory Committee voted to fast track John Thrasher as President of FSU. After that, academic freedom became my obsession. Why? Because, it protects the professors’ and students’ right to seek, research and publishthe truth. It guarantees us a role in the democratic governance of the university’s institutional life. Without academic freedom there is no truth. Without truth – tyranny and corruption are all but guaranteed. Why should you care?
In 2011, after discovering the highly controversial 2008 contract between the Charles Koch Foundation (CKF) and FSU’s Department of Economics, FSU’s Faculty Senate (FS) put together a committee to address concerns about the CKF agreement and its challenges to academic freedom. The concerns arose because the 2008 agreement gave undue outside influence to CKF in areas of faculty hire, faculty oversight and curriculum control; issues that are central to academic freedom. The Faculty Senate Review Report gave recommendations that appeared to be ignored and forgotten until a second agreement (signed in 2013) was uncovered. The 2013 agreement was signed in secret, and many of the FS Committee concerns were unaddressed.
Faculty Senate recommendations included a suspension of faculty hiring under the agreement until the advisory board included two faculty members and worked by majority. The 2013 agreement includes two faculty members and one CKF member, and demands a unanimous vote. The 2013 contract says that the selection of Professorship Positions must go through normal university processes of hire but before the hire takes place the information on the candidate must be put past CKF and CKF is under no obligation “to provide funding” to their selection. This means that CKF still has veto power over who gets hired in the department with their money. It doesn’t take much to realize that this means the department must put forward someone CKF approves in order to get the position funded.
The Faculty Senate Report also notes a host of concerns in regards to the agreement’s language about the “Undergraduate Program” in the Department of Economics. Of primary concern is the language which implied that CKF had intentions of creating an “alternative” undergraduate program at FSU that would set forth only the “Objectives and Purposes” of the Charles Koch Foundation. Nothing about this concern was addressed in the 2013 contract. In fact, the “creation of the Undergraduate Program” language has not changed at all. None of the Senate Report’s concerns about textbook selection, undergraduate teaching, the new certificate program, the Teaching Specialist position, and reading groups funded by CKF have been addressed; nor has the name of the CKF funded “Economics Club” changed to reflect what it really is: a CKF funded club promoting free market capitalism and free enterprise.
It is unclear that ANY of the final recommendations of the Senate Report have taken place at the University. These recommendations include College, Department and University Foundation collaboration in the review and development of language that creates more clear guidelines on private donor funding. Specifically, it recommends that the Provost’s Office and the University Foundation “create a mechanism to review multiple articulated donor agreements.” Did this happen? It does not appear so. Furthermore, Provost Garnett Stokes signed the 2013 contract – and she did so in secret.
On July 15th, 2011, shortly after the Faculty Senate Ad-Hoc Committee released its Report and list of “Recommendations,” the FSU President Eric Barron sent a series of letters to key players involved in the 2008 agreements, FSU university administration and Faculty Senate.
In a letter to Dean of the College of Social Sciences, Dr. David Rasmussen, Dr. Barron put forward the following:
(Note: Dr. Rasmussen signed the 2008 and 2013 agreements with Koch. According to documents released earlier this year, Rasmussen was a primary actor in securing the initial funding from CKF).
- A request that tasked Vice President Jennings to review Foundation policies and “to take actions to ensure that all gift agreements adhere to our academic principles.”
- That “no additional hiring occur using the MOU unless it is modified.” This is in line with the Faculty Senate Report.
- He notes that “In the process of gathering information about the implementation of the MOU, the Committee reflects on several areas related to faculty governance, departmental bylaws, and the faculty involvement in the development of the curriculum. These issues are not related to the language in the MOU. However they suggest weaknesses in faculty and departmental governance that should be addressed.”
As far as we can tell, no report was published by VP Jennings that reviewed the Foundation policies. If this procedure was done, it was done like many of the University practices, behind closed doors. As to not hiring any additional faculty under the 2008 MOU, as far as we can tell it took over two years after the Faculty Senate Report for a revision of the 2008 agreement to occur. Furthermore, the 2013 agreement (due to expiry dates on the 2008 contract) is actually a whole new agreement with extended contract dates for new hires. As noted earlier, this 2013 MOU leaves many of the basic concerns of the Faculty Senate Report and Dr. Barron unaddressed.
In a letter to Dr. Jennifer Buchanan, Interim Dean of the Faculties, Dr. Barron puts forward the following:
- That some of the Committee recommendations “reflect on improvements that can be implemented by the Dean of Faculties” and should be looked into.
- That the situation with Matt Brown, Graduate Student in the Department of Economics who drew up the agreement, and who had the Department Chair Bruce Benson as the Co-Chair of his Ph.D. committee at the time, drew egregious concerns. Dr. Barron states: “Please refer to the body of page 7 of the report, which cites a conflict of interestbetween the faculty member in negotiating the agreement and the role of an active student in facilitating the agreement. This is a clear conflict of interest and it should have been revealed and then avoided. I wouldappreciate a review and/or greater clarity with regard to university policy on transparency and potential conflicts of interest.” (Italics are my own)
- His final comments are: “Please refer to the section beginning at the bottom of page 7, which cites the issues related to faculty responsibilities (recommendations 6 and 10). Recommendation 6 requests a change in departmental by-laws related to supervision and staffing of courses and programs. Recommendation 10 requests a review, with the deans, of the principles of faculty responsibilities associated with the curriculum. Again, I would appreciate a review and/or greater clarity with regard to university policy on the issues raised by the Faculty Senate Ad Hoc Committee” (Italics are my own)
As far as we can tell no review or report by the Dean of Faculties was done. Furthermore, we have uncovered evidence that during his tenure at FSU as a doctoral candidate Matt Brown received $492,125 for his services to CKF. This was money paid directly to the student and is an additional conflict of interest to the one cited by Faculty Senate and President Barron. The “conflict of interest” noted by President Barron and Faculty Senate appears to have been completely ignored and no review or clarity of university policy on transparency and potential conflicts of interest have been undertaken.
In a letter to Dr. Tom Jennings, VP for University Advancement, Dr. Barron puts forward:
- The MOU included language that suggested that the donor evaluation should be a part of the annual evaluation of the faculty member. This is not permitted as part of FSU’s annual review process.”
- “In any case where a donor to provide input on academic hiring, this should be for the sole purpose of providing the donor with a level of confidence that their gift is being used in a manner consistent with the intent of the donor, and therefore, in every case,
- Advisory Board membership should have a majority consisting of FSU faculty.
- Advisory Boards should be limited to providing review and advice.
- Advisory Boards should offer recommendations based on a majority vote.”
Although the 2013 MOU rectifies the outside input on the annual evaluation of the faculty member it retains the unanimous vote on the Advisory Board which still gives CKF veto power over faculty hire. Furthermore, the 2013 contract includes Section 7(a)(vi) which actually demands input in the evaluation of the entire SPEFE and EEE Programs.
Section 7(a)(vi): FSU agrees to take the input of the SPEFE-EEE Advisory Board into consideration when evaluating the performance of the SPEFE and EEE Programs.
Section 7 (b): The decision rule of the SPEFE-EEE Advisory Board in all matters will be unanimous vote of all three members.
Of final concern, not to the Faculty Senate Report, but to me – is this: The Charles Koch Foundation offers funding for five professor positions but only funds these tenure-track positions for 5 to 6 years. That is exactly the amount of time it takes to gain tenure. At the time of tenure, CKF funding disappears and the 2013 agreement mandates that FSU agree “to assume full responsibility for the continued maintenance and funding of the Professorship Positions”. In other words, Charles Koch Foundation puts their people in and then the taxpayers are required to keep them until their tenure expires. Five years of CKF funding to guarantee a lifetime taxpayer position. What? This sounds a lot like stacking influence at taxpayer expense to me.
When will this stop? On Jan. 15th at 3:30 in Turnbull Conference Center, I am going to ask John Thrasher this question at an open meeting. Join me in the meeting and sign the petition (http://bit.ly/1FzagGO). Academic freedom is just as important as free speech. In the words of Chief Justice Earl Warren in the majority opinion for Sweezy v. New Hampshire: “To impose any straight jacket upon the intellectual leaders in our colleges and universities would imperil the future of our Nation … Scholarship cannot flourish in an atmosphere of suspicion and distrust. Teachers and students must always remain free to inquire, to study and to evaluate, to gain new maturity and understanding; otherwise our civilization will stagnate and die.”
FSU Progress Coalition
FB: FSU Progress Coalition
If you want more background, check out FSU's case against Koch in the Center for Public Integrity and my report for Greenpeace: Koch Pollution on Campus. Resources for concerned students are available on UnKochMyCampus.org.
Students gather to mourn the loss of academic freedom at FSU.