Dylann Roof has been found guilty in federal court on all 33 counts in the shooting deaths of nine people in Charleston, South Carolina last year.
During the trial, he confessed his crimes to the FBI, saying he felt he "had to" commit the crime because "no one else was brave enough.,"
He also explained to the agents that he believed white people "already are the second-class citizens," keeping in step with his white supremacist views and goal of starting a race war.
Family members of the dead kept vigil for the entire trial, attending even when crime scene photos and other evidence was introduced.
The penalty phase of the trial comes next, and will boil down to the question of whether all nine jurors think the death penalty is the appropriate punishment for Mr. Roof. He has asked to represent himself at trial.