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The Great Declaration Of Independence Dot Debate

Did the Founding Fathers write the Declaration of Independence as a progressive document, or was it just a mistake when they copied it?
The Great Declaration Of Independence Dot Debate

Right wing zealots' heads exploded yesterday over this New York Times article about a scholar who believes the Declaration of Independence may be subject to misinterpretation due to an inconsistent presence of a period.

The error, according to Danielle Allen, a professor at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J., concerns a period that appears right after the phrase “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” in the transcript, but almost certainly not, she maintains, on the badly faded parchment original.

That errant spot of ink, she believes, makes a difference, contributing to what she calls a “routine but serious misunderstanding” of the document.

The period creates the impression that the list of self-evident truths ends with the right to “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness,” she says. But as intended by Thomas Jefferson, she argues, what comes next is just as important: the essential role of governments — “instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed” — in securing those rights.

“The logic of the sentence moves from the value of individual rights to the importance of government as a tool for protecting those rights,” Ms. Allen said. “You lose that connection when the period gets added.

Happy Independence Day!

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